III  2024/2025 . .
 2023-2024
2024 -
ƨ
  "  "


English version Russian version



INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL ONLINE JOURNAL
ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

2(43) 2018


Article PLANAR AND SPATIAL GRIDS IN ARCHITECTURE OF NEW MODERNISM
Authors M. Mindiashvili, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract Current article analyzes the ideas and methods of formation of architecture of “New Modernism”. One of the significant principles of creation of new architectural forms is the method of transformation of grid. Grid is one of the conventional elements of architecture; its usage is rooted in ancient cultures and civilizations. The morphogenesis of architecture of New modernism recalls application of grid and shows its reformation from a planar grid to a spatial grid. New type of architectural constructions has appeared. The skin, blob, thread, bench, bubble become a new constructive units, which formation is impossible without spatial grids. The article also provides an analysis of interdisciplinary scientific ideas concerning the construction of mesh shapes.
Keywords: new modernism, the architecture of the XXI century, parametricism, digital architecture, spatial grid, nonlinear surface, architectural shell, diagrammatic formations
article Article (RUS)
References

  1. Barchugova E.V. Parametrism as a direction of the modern project activities. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2013, 4(25). Available at: http://www.marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2013/4kvart13/barchugova/abstract.php
  2. Belyaeva Z.V. Geometricheskoe modelirovanie prostranstvennyh konstrukciy [Geometric modeling of spatial structures. (Dis. PhD)]. Ekaterinburg, 2015.
  3. Gogolkina O.V. Constructions Formation Features in the Parametric Architecture. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2018, no. 1(42), pp. 355-363. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2018/1kvart18/25_gogolkina/index.php
  4. Deleuze J., Guattari F. Chto takoe filosofija [What is philosophy]. St. Petersburg, Aleteyya, 1998.
  5. Dobricyna I.A. Ot postmodernizma k nelinejnoj arhitekture arhitektura v kontekste sovremennoj filosofii i nauki [From postmodernism to nonlinear architecture. Architecture in the context of modern philosophy and science]. Moscow, Progress Tradiciya, 2004, 448 p.
  6. Dushkevich K. The Role of the High-Span Shell Forms in Architecture of Public Buildings. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2017, no. 4(41), pp. 163-178. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2017/4kvart17/12_duskevich/index.php
  7. Kandinskij V.V. Tochka i liniya na ploskosti [Point and line in the plane]. Saint-Petersburg, Azbuka-klassika, 2006, 236 p.
  8. Karpenko V. The architectural concept of the digital wooden pavilions. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2016, no. 2(35). Available at: http://marhi.ru/AMIT/2016/2kvart16/karpvv/AMIT_35_KarpenkoVV.pdf
  9. Saprykina N. Thesaurus of Parametric Paradigm for Architectural Space Forming. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2017, no. 3(40), pp. 281-303. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2017/3kvart17/21_saprykina/index.php
  10. Sipkin P. Reticular constructions in architecture of Rem Koolhaas. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2014, no. 2(27). Available at: http://www.marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2014/2kvart14/sipkin/AMIT_27_Sipkin_PDF.pdf
  11. Melodinsky D. Parametric Architecture – Practice of Art: the Delights and Disappointments. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2017, no. 4(41), pp. 6-23. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2017/4kvart17/01_melodinskij/index.php
  12. Carpo M. The Digital Turn in Architecture 1992-2012. AD Reader, 2012, P. 264.
  13. Eisenman P. Ten Canonical Buildings: 1950-2000. New York: Rizzoli, 2008, 304 p.
  14. Eisenman P. The Formal Basis of Modern Architecture. Zürich, Lars Muller, 2006, 528 p.
  15. Koolhaas R., Mau B. S, M, L, XL. O.M.A. New York, The Monacelli Press, 1995, 1344 p.
  16. Koolhaas R., Orbist H.U. Project Japan. Metabolism Talks. Koln, Taschen, 2011, 684 p.
  17. Lynn G. Folds, Bodies & Blobs : Collected Essays. Brussel, La Lettre volée, 1998, 236 p.
  18. Menges A. Material Resourcefulness: Activating Material Information in Computational Design. Architectural Design, Material Computation: Higher Integration in Morphogenetic Design, 2012, no. 216, pp. 34-43.
  19. Rappaport N. A Deeper Structural Theory. Architectural Design, the New Structuralism: Design, Engineering and Architectural Technologies, 2010, no. 206, pp. 122-129.
  20. Sykes K. Constructing a New Agenda: Architectural Theory. New York, Princeton Architectural Press, 2010, 512 p.
  21. Thompson D'Arcy W. On Growth and Form. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1945, 1116 p.
  22. Tschumi B. Event-cities 2. Cambridge, The MIT Press, 1998, 692 p.
  23. Tschumi B. Notations: Diagrams and Sequences. London, Artifice Books on Architecture, 2014, 304 p.
  24. Tschumi B. The Manhattan Transcript. New York, Wiley, 1994, 63 p.

For citation

Mindiashvili M. Planar and Spatial Grids in Architecture of New Modernism. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2018, no.2(43), pp. 277-287. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2018/2kvart18/18_mindiashvili/index.php