III  2024/2025 . .
 2023-2024
2024 -
ƨ
  "  "


English version Russian version



INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL ONLINE JOURNAL
ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

3(44) 2018


Article

NATURAL AND ECONOMIC PRINCIPLES OF THE REGULATION OF RURAL AREAS OF NON-CHERNOZEM REGION

Authors Z. Gaevskaya, Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Abstract The end of the 20-thcentury required consideration of the side effects of ecosystem destruction. Troubles come to our world when natural and economic principles of regulation of territories begin to be violated. Their knowledge is particularly important for agriculture, which is characterized by a huge scale of invasion of the biosphere balance. The article proves the existence of natural and economic principles of regulation of rural areas and substantiates their reflection in the settlement on the example of the historical peasant landscape of the non-chernozem region. The author substantiates the disastrous role of their non-account on the example of the modern rural industrial landscape. A new organization of rural areas based on the symbiosis between the natural environment and human objects is needed for the future survival of Mankind.
Keywords: anthropocene, anthropogeozenosis, rural settlement, population, agricultural economy, ecosystem
article Article (RUS)
References

  1. Crutzen Paul, Grinevald Jacques, Steffen Will, and McNeill John. The Anthropocene: conceptual and historical. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 2011 369, 842-867.
  2. Zelenaya ehkonomika na putyah perekhoda k ustojchivomu razvitiyu i iskoreneniyu bednosti. Programma OON po okruzhayushchej srede [The Green Economy on the Way to Transition to Sustainable Development and the Eradication of Poverty. The United Nations Environment Program]. Available at: http://www.cawater-info.net/green-growth/files/unep5.pdf
  3. Trofimov A.M., Rubcov V.A., Ermolaev O.P. Regional'nyj geoehkologicheskij analiz [Regional geoecological analysis]. Available at: https://dspace.kpfu.ru/xmlui/bitstream/handle/net/21703/0-780145.pdf
  4. Shon B. Kehrroll Zakon «dzhunglej». V poiskah formuly zhizni [Law of the jungle". In Search of the Formula of Life]. St. Petersburg, 2017, 310 p.
  5. Sdasyuk G.V. Pridopol'zovanie i koncepciya ustojchivogo razvitiya: tradicionnye i novye podhody. Prirodopol'zovanie i ustojchivoe razvitie: Mirovye ehkosistemy i problemy Rossii [Adoption and the concept of sustainable development: traditional and new approaches. Environmental Management and Sustainable Development: World Ecosystems and Problems of Russia]. Moscow, 2006, 448 p.
  6. Alekseev V.P. Ocherki ehkologii cheloveka [Essays on human ecology]. Moscow, 1993, 191 p.
  7. CHernov G.N. Zakony teoreticheskoj biologii [The laws of theoretical biology]. Available at: http://www.temm.ru/ru/section.php?docId=4416
  8. Prishchepov V.V. Myuller D., Dubinin M.YU., Baumann M., Radeloff V.K. Determinanty prostranstvennogo raspredeleniya zabroshennyh sel'skohozyajstvennyh zemel' v Evropejskoj chasti Rossii [Determinants of the spatial distribution of abandoned agricultural lands in the European part of Russia. Journal of Spatial Economics]. 2013, no. 3, pp.30-62.
  9. Sulin M.A. Zemleustrojstvo sel'skohozyajstvennyh predpriyatij [Land management of agricultural enterprises]. St. Petersburg, 2002, 224p.
  10. Zhuchenko A.A. Vozmozhnosti starta rossijskogo APK v XXI stoletie. Agrarnyj vestnik YUgo-Vostoka [Opportunities for the launch of the Russian agro-industrial complex in the 21st century. Magazine Agrarian Bulletin of the Southeast]. 2009, no.1, pp. 6-11.
  11. Kolbovskij E.Yu. Landshaftovedenie: ucheb. posobie dlya stud. vyssh. uchebn. zavedenij [Landscape science: Textbook]. Moscow, 2008, 480 p.
  12. Kudrin B.I. Strategiya ehlektroehnergetiki i strategiya ehlektriki Rossii do konca XXI veka [The strategy of the electric power industry and the strategy of the electricians in Russia until the end of the 21st century. Journal "News in Power Industry"]. Available at: http://www.kudrinbi.ru/public/10815/index.htm
  13. Ivanov K.P. EHkologo-geograficheskie zakonomernosti demograficheskih processov v sel'skoj mestnosti mestnosti [Ecological and geographical patterns of demographic processes in rural areas of the area. Journal of Ethnic Geography Problems]. Available at: http://gumilevica.kulichki.net/IKP/ipk122.htm.
  14. Gordeev A.V., Romanenko G.A. Problemy degradacii i vosstanovleniya produktivnosti zemel' sel'skohozyajstvennogo naznacheniya v Rossii [Problems of degradation and restoration of agricultural land productivity in Russia]. Moscow, 2008.
  15. SHagajda N.I., Uzun V.YA. Tendencii razvitiya i osnovnye vyzovy agrarnogo sektora razvitiya Rossii[Trends in development and the main challenges of the agricultural development sector in Russia. RASHiGS, Center for Strategic Research]. Available at: https://www.csr.ru/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Doklad_selskoe_hozyai-stvo_veb.pdf
  16. Vasileva M.A. K voprosu ispol'zovaniya tradicij v planirovke sel'skih naselennyh mest Nechernozemnoj zony RF [On the use of traditions in the planning of rural settlements of the Non-chernozem zone of the Russian Federation. Planning and development of rural settlements, design and construction of rural residential and public buildings]. 1979, no. 8, pp. 34-43.
  17. Nefedova T.G., Pehllot D.Zh. Neizvestnoe sel'skoe hozyajstvo, ili Zachem nuzhna korova? [Unknown agriculture, or Why do you need a cow?]. Moscow, 2006, 320 p.
  18. Kolbovskij E.Yu. Social'no-geograficheskie podhody k proektirovaniyu municipal'nyh obrazovatel'nyh sistem [Socio-geographical approaches to the design of municipal educational systems. Journal of Regional Studies]. 2006, no. 4 (10), p. 24.
  19. Kondakova T.Yu., Paskhina M.V., Kolbovskij E.Yu. Social'naya geografiya i ehkologiya sel'skoj mestnosti v svete territorial'nogo planirovaniya [Social geography and rural ecology in the light of spatial planning. Journal of the Yaroslavl Pedagogical Gazette]. 2010, no. 3, pp. 94-99.
  20. Gaevskaya Z.A. Urban Planning Typological Ranking Score of Rural Non-Black Earth Area Settlement. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies. 2015, no4 (33). Available at: http://www.marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2015/4kvart15/gaev/abstract.php
  21. Gaevskaya Z.A. Urban Planning Typological Ranking Score of a Settlement in a Rural Non-Black Area of Russia. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies. 2016, no. 1(34). Available at: http://www.marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2016/1kvart16/gaev/abstract.php
  22. Gaevskaya Z. Rural Resettlement of Non-Chernozem Region in 2026: Accident or Revival? Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2018, no. 2(43), pp. 332-348. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2018/2kvart18/22_gaevskaya/index.php

For citation

Gaevskaya Z. Natural and Economic Principles of the Regulation of Rural Areas of Non-Chernozem Region. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2018, no.3(44), pp.276-293. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2018/3kvart18/16_gaevskaya/index.php