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INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL ONLINE JOURNAL
ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

1(46) 2019


Article FORMATION OF THE URBAN-PLANNING CONCEPT «THE CALCULATED CITY»
Authors

A. Lenz, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia

Abstract In the article, "large" and "small" models of the calculated city are considered: the law of retail gravitation of Reilly, the entropy model, the transport model, the Downs-Thomson Paradox
(the Pigou–KnightDowns paradox), the Lewis-Mogridge position, the Braess' paradox, the demographic potential, the value city planning approach. The advantages and disadvantages of these concepts are considered. The scientific merit and practical implications of these models are evaluated based on the analysis of Forrester models and the arrow-functional approach to the analysis of Moscow and Leningrad territories in the 1980s. A new classification of the concepts of the "calculated city" is proposed according to the type of the final product: estimative, prognostic and estimative-prognostic.
Keywords: urban-planning concept, calculated city, the law of retail gravitation of Reilly, entropy model, transport paradox, demographic potential, cost approach, Forrester simulation model
article Article (RUS)
References

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For citation

Lenz A. Formation of the Urban-Planning Concept The Calculated City. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2019, no.1(46), pp.278-289. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2019/1kvart19/20_lenc/index.php