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English version Russian version


2(39) 2017

Authors D.A. Karelin, Y.G. Klimenko, K.N. Biljan and D.. Alexeeva, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia

The article** is devoted to the study of constructional and architectural peculiarities of mausoleums of Maxentium and Tor de' Schiavi and creation of their reconstructions. The main aim is to show spatial structure of the buildings' interior which consists of two connected elements - crypt and upper chamber. The sources, mainly depictions of the monuments made from 16-th to 18-th centuries, let us imagine how did their interiors look and to understand attitude of Renaissance and classic architects to the scheme of a building. This scheme was based on connection of underground crypt with annular vaulting and upper chamber with the cupola.

**The article was prepared as a part of a project supported by RFH 15-04-00349 "From a maquette to a virtual model. Scientific reconstruction in the architectural history considering the newest technologies (on the example of "classical" architectural monuments)". The authors are very grateful to the colleques Ludmil Vagalinski, Varbin Varbanov and Daniela Stoyanova for help with materials about the tomb in Pomorie and Alexander Dobrev for translation from Bulgarian to Russian.

Keywords: mausoleum, Maxentius, Tor de' Schiavi, 3D-reconstructions, proportional analysis
article Article (RUS)

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