COVID-19
   2020/2021
 -
  -       XX-XXI »
Ȩ    ˨
 / English site / AMIT / 2015 / 2kvart15 / davydov

2(31) 2015


English version Russian version



ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF COURT BUILDINGS SPACE IN THE USA IN THE XX-XXI CENTURY
Authors V. Davydov, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract The article introduces the results of the research concerning the patterns of appearance as well as development of modern court buildings in the USA. The history of specialized judicial buildings in the ancient times is traced. As a result their special architectural characters are discovered. Besides the origin and development of court places in England in the 11th 19th centuries is analyzed. The examples of the first court buildings in colonial America are given and their further development during the first decades after the independence was declared are studied. Taking the American court buildings of the mid-20th and the beginning of 21th century as an example the basic principles of development of public places are identified. Also the communications schemes are studied and classified. The development of courtroom place in accordance with the evolution of a place for public is analyzed as well as the development of courtrooms under the influence of changes in judicial procedures. Finally the modern standard requirements of courtroom organization made for newly constructed buildings are given.
Keywords: courthouse, courtroom, building of the judiciary, basilica, public space, consistory court
article Article (RUS)
References
  1. Giro, P. Chastnaja i obshhestvennaja zhizn' rimljan [Private and public life of the Romans]. Saint Petersburg, 1995. 600 p.
  2. Davydov, V. Prostranstvennaja organizacija zdanij sudebnoj sistemy US 20-21 vv. [The spatial organization of court buildings in the US in the 20-21th century. Collection of Articles. Proceedings of the International scientific-practical conference of the faculty, students and young scientists]. Moscow, Moscow Institute of Architecture, 2014. 536 p.
  3. Sitnov, A.S. Osobennosti formirovanija arhitektury zdanij sudov [Features of formation of architecture of court buildings (Cand. Dis)]. Ekaterinburg, 2003.
  4. Sogrin, V.V. Ideologija v amerikanskoj istorii ot otcov-osnovatelej do konca 20 veka [Ideology in American history: from the founding fathers to the end of the twentieth century.] M. : Nauka, 1995. 238 s., - ISBN 5-02-009570-2
  5. Barrow, J.S., Herson, J.D., Lawes, A.H., Riden, P.J. Major buildings: Cathedral and close', in A History of the County of Chester: Volume 5 Part 2, the City of Chester: Culture, Buildings, Institutions, ed. Thacker, A.T. and Lewis, C.P. (London, 2005), pp. 185-204 [ ]. : http://www.britishhistory.ac.uk/vch/ches/vol5/pt2/pp185-204 ( : 20.02.2015).
  6. Hightower, B. The Courthouses of Central Texas. (Clifton and Shirley Caldwell Texas Heritage Series) University of Texas Press, 2015. 184 p.
  7. Graham, C. Ordering Law: the Architectural and Social History of the English Law Court to 1914. Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, 2003. 520 p.
  8. McNamara, M.J. From tavern to courthouse: architecture and ritual in American law, 1658 1860. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. 182 p.
  9. Sir Soane, J. Designs for Public and Private Buildings. London, 1828. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Accession Number: 52.519.122