ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
|Article||INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN THE FIELD OF ENGINEERING AND URBAN PLANNING EDUCATION|
|Authors||N. Shesterneva, St. Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Saint-Petersburg, Russia|
|Abstract||The article discusses post-Soviet period in the development of urban planning education in former socialist countries and countries of former Soviet Union. The unique character of socio- economic and political situation in these countries formed a particular zoning and spatial development culture, different from activities known as «urban planning». In 1950s-1990s "Socialist" equivalent of «urban planning» was perceived as a combination of theoretical and practical knowledge that ensured implementation of political strategies in line with established normative system. Deeply rooted in architectural education, these activities primarily focused on finding composition and planning solutions, ignoring social, environmental, economic and environmental aspects. In 1990s - 2010s countries like Estonia, Belarus, Moldova, Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary had to form independent strategies for urban education development.
This article attempts to evaluate current situation in urban education systems (interaction with architectural education, specific features of educational process, «urban planning» specialization) and presents a comparative analysis of development scenarios for different countries. Three types of scenarios are formulated: «conservative architectural – open» scenario is realized in Estonia and Lithuania, aimed at integrating into European education system while maintaining architecture-oriented development model of urban education; «Conservative architectural – closed» scenario while retaining architectural orientation is focused on domestic market (Kazakhstan, Croatia, Ukraine and Belarus), «active non- architectural» scenario is followed in countries (Hungary, partly Poland and Slovakia) where professional training corresponds best to American and European vector in urban education, featuring total demarcation with architectural education, interdisciplinary research and a wide range of engineering, social and managerial competencies.
|Keywords:||urban planning education, post-Soviet city planning|