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Наука, образование и экспериментальное проектирование – 2020
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ВМЕСТЕ ПРОТИВ КОРРУПЦИИ
ШКОЛА НАСЛЕДИЯ

2(19) 2012


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article INHABITED ENVIRONMENT FORMATION FEATURES OF THE LOWER VOLGA REGION
Authors N. Tinyaeva, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract This article is devoted to the steps of Lower Volga Region culture. First tribes arrived 5 thousand years ago in the Astrakhan region. It’s geographic position, neighborhood of the River Volga and Caspian Sea were very suitable for people, that’s why there was created big trade crossing here. Volga Region steppes were very popular place for nomad tribes living until the XVI century. Scythian, Sarmatians (Savromat), Huns, Khazars, Tatar-Mongols lived here. In 1556 Astrakhan was conquered by Russia. But architectural features of all tribes were saved for many centuries. Nomad tribes were created the best accommodations for hot dry climate of south steppes. Some such features were used till XX century. It is very important to learn vernacular dwelling houses of these tribes to understand forming principles of Astrakhan Region, that helps to create comfortable environment.
Keywords: courtyard, dwelling, yurt, nomad tribe, dugout, framework, wattle and daub house
article Article (RUS)
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