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1(18) 2012


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article THE ROSTOV OPERA AND DRAMA HOUSE. FORMING OF THE COMPETITION PROGRAMME
Authors A. Vorobyev, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract The first competition on the theme Synthetic Theater of Mass Actions in USSR, which was announced in Rostov-on-Don, 1930, is considered. The Rostov Opera and Drama Theater is a multipurpose city complex. It became a bridge between Rostov and Nakhichevan cities and gave a public platform for dialogue where townspeople found common cultural values and traditions. The article presents documented facts that influenced the formation of the theater competitive program and the activity of the social city life. An elite concentration and accessibility of the theater should influence the development of an intellectual core in Rostov-on-Don. The transformation of its spatial organization was the result of evolution of lifestyle and living conditions of a country town population and its way of life. The combination of various educational and entertainment features in a single complex was arranging a directing process of visiting the theater, educating in New life values of people.

The text describes the idea's main stages of development of the Opera and Drama Theater in Rostov-on-Don, the structure of premises program, a design competition and its resume. On archival data it is analyzing the influence of external factors on the process of the theatre desining, it is considered the making of key decisions in what follows influenced the development of social and community life in the city.
Keywords: synthetic theater, city culture, theatrical space, urban formation, general availability, a townsman
article Article (RUS)
References
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  2. Tschuko V.A., Arhitektura SSSR [Architecture of the USSR]. No. 1, 1936.
  3. Hripunov Ju., Gnedovskij Ju., Gnedovskij S., Lazarev V., Matveeva N., Okuneva Je., Arhitektura Sovetskogo teatra [Architecture of the Soviet theatre]. Moscow, 1986.
  4. Barhin G.B., Arhitektura teatra [Architecture of theatre]. Moscow, 1947.
  5. Bazanov V.V., Scena veka [Stage of a XX century]. Leningrad, 1990.