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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article HISTORY, PRINCIPLES AND TRENDS OF BIOCLIMATIC ENERGY-EFFICIENT ARCHITECTURE
Authors D. Markov, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE), Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Abstract This article describes a brief history of bioclimatic energy-efficient architecture, provides illustrations to help identify this trend in world history of architecture and civilization. The factors that determine the principles of bioclimatic buildings are given. The examples of buildings and projects, the most characteristic illustrating the basic principles of bioclimatic architecture are given. Main ways of bioclimatic architecture, as self-direction, and in other areas of modern architecture are describes. About the change of the triads of architectural basics at a new stage of development of modern architecture is told. As part of the architectural change of bases, bioclimatic architecture occupies a special place, because its main purpose is to be a certain part of not only global architectural space, but also biological in general. In the whole, it can be said that in this context, bioclimatic energy-efficient architecture is capable of becoming dominant direction, indicating the development of architecture for many years.
Keywords: architecture, history, bioclimatic architecture, green buildings, energy-efficient buildings, energy conversation
article Article (RUS)
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