ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
|Article||ACCOUNT TECHNIQUE OF STRUCTURE-FORMING FACTORS IN ANTROPOGEOCENOZ|
|Authors||Z. Gayevskaya, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Saint-Petersburg, Russia|
The XXI century is characterized with the global crisis covering all countries and life spheres. The
sustainable development concept which is getting to be more commonly known as the noosphere
is predetermined to give solutions to the modern epoch`s challenges.
Problems of depopulation, degradation of the land and human capital, the provision of the people`s base requirements which are characteristic for the Non-Black Earth Region, demand scientific comprehension and development of adequate decisions.
The base of the sustainable development concept is holistic ( integrated) approach to development as to a complete process (Sdasjuk G. V). It causes search of town-planning mechanisms of the interfaced internally balanced functioning of the triad - nature-population-economy (antropogeocenoz).
Communications in antropogeocenoz cause the necessity of the account of structure-forming factors in the planning structure of rural settlements and their territorial groups. Revealing of local natural, ethnic, economic features determining the choice and operation of a certain place of settlement demands working out an account technique of structure - forming factors in the planning structure based on communications in antropogeocenoz.
Òypology of structure - forming factors allows to reveal certain environmental situations. It can be carried out on the basis of revealing the relations between a territorial unit (a dot object detailed on antropogeocenoz elements) and other territorial units (planning axes, centers, zones).
The method of the «typological characteristic of rural distribution» as well as the method of the «typological characteristic of rural settlement» shows features of relations between structural components antropogeocenoz to a typifying sign «structure - forming factors».
|Keywords:||antropogeocenoz, noosphere, typology, nature, population, economy, reconstruction|