COVID-19
   2020/2021
 -
  -       XX-XXI »
Ȩ    ˨


English version Russian version



INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL ONLINE JOURNAL
ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

1(46) 2019


Article STRUCTURE OF THE MINGTANG TEMPLE IN CHINESE ARCHITECTURE
Authors

M. Shevchenko, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia

Abstract Mingtang was the most important ritual structure of China. Its structure reflected the views on the ruler as a representative of Heaven, whose duties included the harmonization of all human things, in accordance with the Universe. The mingtang spatial structure expressed the concepts of the five primary elements, the principles of yin and yang, numerological perceptions of ancient China, described in the Confucian treatises. However, for all the time, a unified planning and spatial structure of mingtang was not developed. Depending on the interpretation of the ancient treatises during the rule of various emperors, various compositions of this structure appeared. The article shows the changes in the structure of the mingtang temple in China over the course of two millennia.
Keywords: Mingtang temple, Chinese architecture, structure of the buildings, Confucianism
article Article (RUS)
References

  1. 王贵祥《匠人营国。中国古代建筑史话》。北京,2015 ( Wang Guixiang. Jiangren yingguo. Zhongguo gudai jianzhushi hua. Beijing, 2015, 230 p.).
  2. 王银田,曹臣明,韩生存《山西大同市北魏平城明堂遗址1995年的发掘》《考古》,2001-3, p.26-34 (Wang Yingtian, Cao Chenming, Han Shengcun. Shanxi Datongshi Bei Wei Pingcheng mingtang yizhi 1995 niande fajue. Kaogu. 2001, no.3, pp.26-34).
  3. 王振复; 中国建筑文化历程.上海, 2000. (Wang Zhengfu. Zhongguo jianzhu wenhua licheng. Shanghai, 2000, 344 p.).
  4. 王世仁.《明堂形制初探》。王世仁建筑历史理论文集。 北京,2001. (Wang Shiren. Mingtang xingzhi chutan. Wang Shiren jianzhu lishi lilun wenji. Beijing, 2001, 516 p.).
  5. Wang Shiren. Struktura zala sveta mingtang goroda Pinchjen dinastii Severnaja Wei// G.V.Esaulov i dr. Arhitektura Kitaja: dva vzgljada. Moscow, 2013, 336 p., pp. 13-34.
  6. 郭黛姮.《 中国古代建筑史》第三卷。北京,2003. (Guo Daiheng. Zhongguo gudai jianzhushi. Di san juan. Beijing, 2009, 868 p.).
  7. Dmitriev S.V. Drevnekitajskaja gradostroitel'naja teorija po dannym Kao gong zi i svedenijam arheologicheskih istochnikov. — V puti za kitajskuju stenu. K 60-ti letiju A.I. Kobzeva. Sobranie trudov. Uchjonye zapiski Otdela Kitaja. Issue 12. Moscow, 2014, pp.252-266.
  8. Lou Qingxi. Dvadcat' lekcij po drevnej arhitekture Kitaja. Moscow, 2010, 392 p.
  9. 刘敦桢《中国古代建筑史》(第二版), 北京2003. (Liu Dunzhen. Zhongguo gudai jianzhushi (di er ban). Beijing, 2003, 423 p.).
  10. Tkachenko G.A. Lvshi Chunqiu, ili Vesny i oseni gospodina Ljuja. Moscow, 2001, 526 p.
  11. 傅熹年《陕西扶风召陈西周建筑遗址初探-周原西周建筑遗址研究之二》.《文物》,1981-3, p.34-45. (Fu Xinian. Shanxi Fufeng Zhaocheng Xi Zhou jianzhu yizhi chutan – Zhouyuan Xi Zhou jianzhu yizhi yanjiu zhi er. Wenwu. 1983, no. 3, pp. 34-45).
  12. 傅熹年. 《 中国古代建筑史》第二卷。北京,2001. (Fu Xinian. Zhongguo gudai jianzhushi. Di er juan. Beijing, 2009, 751 p.).
  13. 杨鸿勋.《宫殿考古通论》. 北京,2000. (Yang Hongxun. Gongdian kaogu tonglun. Beijing, 2000, 583 p.)

For citation

Shevchenko M. Structure of the Mingtang Temple in Chinese Architecture. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 2019, no.1(46), pp.13-30. Available at: http://marhi.ru/eng/AMIT/2019/1kvart19/01_shevchenko/index.php