-       XX-XXI »
Ȩ    ˨
 / English site / AMIT / 2017 / 1kvart17 / yawein

English version Russian version


1(38) 2017



Authors O.I. Yawein, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia

This article analyzes the ideas and methods of structural and semiotic studies in architecture. One of the significant trends and lines of development of international architectural research the second decade of the new century was the so-called " structuralism reloaded". This "reloade" is partly linked to the development of computer programming methods in architectural design, but is accompanied by the expanded study of scientific methods and concepts put forward and developed in the 1960s - 1970s. In the present study analizirueye sources cited and listed in the bibliography only the publications of the 1960s - 1970s. Specificity of the semiotic approach to the analysis of architecture, distinguished properties of architectural space, which are the subject of semiotic research, outlines the main issues raised in these proceedings, and outlined the levels of their decision. The paper also provides analysis of the major directions of semiotic studies abroad /US "proxemics", French structuralism, of Stuttgart school information aesthetics, and others/, And the example of a number of creative architects /K.Tange, R.Venturi / showing the way and methods of conscious use of some results semiotic research in design practice.

Keywords: structure, structuralism, semiotics, semantics, syntactics, pragmatics, sign, architectural space, a unit of language, speech, system
article Article (RUS)

  1. Bart R. Osnovy semiologii [Bases of semiology]. Moscow, 1975, pp. 114–163.
  2. Bart R. Semiologija i gradostroitel'stvo. Sovremennaja arhitektura [Semiology and urbanism. The modern architecture]. Moscow, 1971, no.1, pp. 710.
  3. Benze M. Vvedenie v informacionnuju jestetiku. Semiotika i iskusstvometrija [Introduction to information aesthetics. Semiotics and accustomedly]. Moscow, 1972, pp. 198215.
  4. Vallis A. Social'nyj smysl arhitekturnoj formy. Dekorativnoe iskusstvo SSSR [The social meaning of architectural forms. Decorative arts of the USSR]. Moscow, 1973, no. 8, pp. 21-25.
  5. Vershujer P. Vvedenie v prostranstvennost'. Covremennaja arhitektura [Introduction to spatiality. Modern architecture] Moscow, 1971, no. 3, pp.9-16.
  6. Greckij M.N. Francuzskij strukturalizm [French structuralism]. Moscow, 1971, 48 p.
  7. Ivanov V.V., Toporov V.N. Strukturno-tipologicheskij podhod k semanticheskoj interpretacii proizvedenij izobrazitel'nogo iskusstva v diahronicheskom aspekte. Trudy po znakovym sistemam [Structural-typological approach to semantic interpretation of works of art in diachronic aspect. Works on sign systems]. Tartu, 1977, no. 8, V. 411, pp. 103-120.
  8. Kasteks Zh. Ot Luisa Kana do Roberta Ventur. Sovremennaja arhitektura [From Louis Kahn to Robert Venturi. Modern architecture]. Moscow, 1972, no. 5, pp. 88-91.
  9. Levinson A.G. Tradicionnye cennostnye sistemy i gorod. Urbanizacija i rabochij klass v uslovijah nauchno-tehnicheskoj revoljucii [Traditional value systems and the city. Urbanization and the working class in the conditions of scientific-technical revolution]. Moscow, 1970, pp. 149164.
  10. Lotman Ju.M. Hudozhestvennyj ansambl' kak bytovoe prostranstvo. Dekorativnoe iskusstvo [Art ensemble of domestic space. Decorative art]. Moscow, 1974, no. 4, pp. 48-51.
  11. Lotman Ju.M. Iskusstvoznanie i "tochnye metody" v sovremennyh zarubezhnyh issledovanijah. Semiotika i iskusstvometrija [Art history and the "exact methods" in modern foreign studies]. Moscow, 1972, pp. 63-73.
  12. Lotman Ju.M. Struktura hudozhestvennogo teksta [The structure of the artistic text]. Moscow, 1970, 384 p.
  13. Markuzon V.F. Semantika i razvitie jazyka arhitektury. Arhitekturnaja kompozicija: Sovremennye problemy [Semantics and development of language of architecture. Architectural composition: current issues]. Moscow, 1970, pp. 44-49.
  14. Revzin I.I. Ot strukturnoj lingvistiki k semiotike. Voprosy filosofii [From structural linguistics to semiotics. The problems of philosophy]. Moscow, 1964, no. 9, pp. 43-53.
  15. Tange K. Iseprototip japonskoj arhitektury. Arhitektura Japonii. Tradicija i sovremennost' [Ise prototype of Japanese architecture. The Architecture of Japan. Tradition and modernity]. Moscow, 1976, pp. 22-40.
  16. Tange K. Napravlenija v sovremennoj arhitekture. Arhitektura Japonii. Tradicija i sovremennost' [Directions in modern architecture. The Architecture of Japan. Tradition and modernity]. Moscow, 1976, pp. 107-112.
  17. Tange K. Ot arhitektury k urbanizmu. Arhitektura Japonii. Tradicija i sovremennost' [From architecture to urbanism. The Architecture of Japan. Tradition and modernity]. Moscow, 1976, pp. 113-161.
  18. Shoje F. Zametki po povodu gorodskoj semiologii. Sovremennaja arhitektura [Notes about the city of symptomatology. Modern architecture]. Moscow, 1971, no. 1, pp. 5-6.
  19. Shoje F. Semiologija i gradostroitel'stvo. Sovremennaja arhitektura [Semiology and urbanism. Modern architecture]. Moscow, 1967, no. 5, pp. 11-14.
  20. Jakobson R. K voprosu o zritel'nyh i sluhovyh znakah. Semiotika i iskusstvometrija [The question of visual and auditory signs. Semiotics and accustomedly]. Moscow, 1972, pp. 82 - 87.
  21. Eco U. A Componental Analysis of the Architectural Sign (Column). Semiotica, no. 2, N-Y.: Monton & Co, The Hague, 1972, pp. 97-117.
  22. Eco U. La struttura acceute. Milano, 1969, 364 p.
  23. Hall E. . The Hidden Dimension, Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1966, 85 p.
  24. Hall E.T. The language of space, Journal of the American Institute of Architects, February, 1961, pp. 35-74.
  25. Loudova J. Semiotica i Architektura, Architektura (CSR), 1973, Vol. 32, no. 3, 28 p.
  26. Sommer Robert. Personal Space, The Behavioral Basis of Design, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1969, 176 p.
  27. Wallis M. Semantic and Symbolic Elements in Architecture: Iconology as a First Step Towards an Architectural Semiotic, Semiotica, 1973, no. 8.3, pp. 220-238.
  28. Wassel P., Depaul S. The method of analysis space, Architecture Mouvement continuite, 1974, V. III, no. 33, 24 p.