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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article SOVIET ARCHITECTURAL AVANT-GARDE ATTITUDES TOWARDS ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE AND THE EXISTING CITY
Authors S. Buss, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Samara, Russia
Abstract The architecture of the Soviet avant-garde in the 1920s and 1930s in Russia has become part of both Russian and global cultural heritage, but is in need of rehabilitation. At the same time, avant-garde discourse in general can appear hostile towards architectural heritage. In that light the task of restoring their works may be considered philosophically flawed. This article examines theoretical works and built projects by OSA, ASNOVA, K. Melnikov, MAO, and the Leningrad and provincial groups with the aim of eliciting the key features of their attitudes towards architectural heritage and the existing city context of their time. A wide range of positions from radical disregard to sensitive contextualism can be discerned both within the internal discourse of individual groups and between them. The influence of the existing city fabric on built projects can be observed. In conclusion it is suggested that the concern to rehabilitate soviet avant-garde architectural heritage is theoretically consistent and that such projects should have a complex relationship to their contemporary urban context.
Keywords: Soviet avant-garde, Constructivism (architecture), Rationalism (architecture), architectural heritage, restoration
article Article (RUS)
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