INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
LANDSCAPE INFRASTRUCTURE AS AN OBJECT OF ARCHITECTURE AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN PRACTICE
A. Viazovska, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
Design of infrastructure is an actual and perspective field for architectural practice. The definition of landscape infrastructure is proposed in the article: landscape infrastructure is a complex of natural, artificial and hybrid objects, territories, networks and systems which through the integration of environmental and socio-economic functions and processes ensure environmental sustainability, quality and comfort of the environment. Landscape infrastructure encompasses various disciplines, scales (region, city, district, site) and contexts (urban, suburban, rural, natural). There are few spatial manifestations of landscape infrastructure defined: a frame – "ecological network"; a territory – "productive landscape" and "soft" engineering systems. Landscape infrastructure as a frame helps to provide ecological stability of territories; to regulate the spatial development of urban areas and to form the urban fabric with the desired qualities. Landscape infrastructure as a territory provides an ecological and cost-effective functioning; the ecosystems well-being and local cultural identity; formation and operation through the integration of natural and social processes. Landscape infrastructure as soft engineering systems provides ecologization of engineering infrastructure with the help of natural ecosystems; the rational use of resources and visibility of the relationship between nature and society.
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