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2(31) 2015


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article THE RESTORATION OF THE DISTURBED AND DEGRADED AREAS. THE HISTORY OF THE AUTHOR'S METHOD OF THE GEOPLASTICS
Authors A. Bolshakov, Irkutsk National Technical University, Irkutsk, Russia
Abstract In article the landscape, architecture, urban planning factors of relief organization, allows you to restore the disturbed and degraded territory are considered. It is shown that the folded surface, with the right balance of convex and concave cells with hard surface and with live covers of corresponding functional purpose territories starts processes as ecological restoration of the landscape, and the ordering of space in accordance with the socio-functional requirements to the space of human activity. The following examples of application of the authors method of geoplastics are considered:

1) Reclamation of the damp on the shores of Lake Baikal; of the first embodiment in the form of the park, in the second embodiment in the tourism center; reclamation of the shallow recess in a high groundwater level; reclamation of upland-terraced granite quarry.

2) Landscaping coastal territory in a major city; geoplastics details on the city waterfront.

3) A draft of the park on the degraded industrial area; implementation of the first phase of the park. These examples of implementation and testing confirmed that the new technique geoplastics, developed by the author, is worked successfully.
Keywords: essence of the geoplastics method, layout and topography of the territory, recovery relief, disturbed landscape, reclamation of the disturbed landscape, landscape planning, coastal area in a large city, park at the degraded industrial area
article Article (RUS)
References
  1. Bol'shakov A.G. Geoplastika v arhitekture i planirovke landshafta [Geoplastika in landscape architecture and planning]. Irkutsk, 2000, 171 p.
  2. Bol'shakov A.G. Proekt skvera na territorii delovogo centra Irkutsk Siti [Square project on the territory of business center Irkutsk - City. Journal Project Baikal]. Irkutsk, 2013, no. 4, Vol. 35, pp.140-144.
  3. Bol'shakov A.G. Jentropija v narushennyh landshaftah i metod geoplastiki [Entropy in disturbed landscapes and method geoplastiki. The Journal Bulletin of Irkutsk State Technical University]. 2005, No. 2(22), pp. 164-171.
  4. Bol'shakov A.G. Gradostroitel'naja forma gorodskogo landshafta kak uslovie i rezul'tat planirovanija i regulirovanija gradostroitel'noj dejatel'nosti v Irkutske [Urban planning form of the urban landscape as a condition and result of planning and regulation of urban planning in Irkutsk]. 2010, no. 7(47), pp. 70-80.