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4(29) 2014


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article TRANSFORMATION OF SPACE AND LANDSCAPE OF SQUARES IN THE TOWNS OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE
Authors P.V. Shaburov, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract The building of towns in Europe from the sixth century on developed as part of the socio- economic trends in the Middle Ages. Town planning lost its former regular pattern and open spaces began to be built up. The public spaces of towns started to be "curtailed" and the landscape of squares degraded. However, from the early XII-th century European towns began to be rebuilt setting the stage for the next period of the Middle Ages, the transition to the Renaissance. Public spaces were becoming larger, "expanded", the planing of the spaces became better defined and more open, and their landscape more varied. New principles of organizing the landscape of squares were developed, including a combination of traditional elements and those that emerged in the new era.
Keywords: The Middle Ages, square, public space, landscape of squares, formation
article Article (RUS)
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