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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article THE CLIMATIC BACKGROUND OF HARAPPAN AND ANCIENT CHINESE TOWN-PLANNING
Authors M. Myagkov, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract Climatic conditions during historical time were characterized by significant spatial-temporal heterogeneity. So matching climatic conditions of different epochs and places with the history of urban development reveals additional reasons for the rising, growth and decline of the early cultures cities springing up in these sites. The article provides a retrospective analysis of the impact of climate change in the IV-II millennia BC on this process. By the example of the Harappan and ancient Chinese cultures relationship of life of these peoples and their cities with fluctuations of climatic conditions was shown. Climatically-induced causes of the origination and decline, as well as planning and development features of main cities of these civilizations are discussed.
Keywords: town-planning, architecture, Ancient China, Harappa, climate changes, Holocene
article Article (RUS)
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