INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
RAILWAY AREA - PROSPECTS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MOSCOW
N.A. Larina, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
Territories of the railway transport take about 4% of all territories of Moscow and provide a great potential for the development of the city. That is why it is important to optimize these areas to increase the quality of work of the Railways and free up additional space for transmission to the city. Thus freed territory of rail transport can be divided into the following types:
- The gaps between the regions, because of the rail ways;
- Inefficient use of territories and objects of railway transport in the city;
- Warehouse facilities on the territory of railways;
- Track yards;
- The architectural monuments on the railway territory;
- Closed and unused territory of railways but not used on purpose;
- The monuments on the territory of Railways architectural ensembles in the territory of Railways: the depot, the water tower, station buildings, office buildings etc.
Reorganization of the existing railway territories can bring socio-economic effect: the city will get additional space for its development, the lost city communication between the districts will recover, the unity of architectural organization of the urban environment will appear, and the transport structure and ecological conditions of the city will improve. The city will become friendlier and will response not only functional needs of economy but also the needs of society.
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