INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
REGULARITIES OF DEVELOPMENT AND SHIFT OF ARCHITECTURAL STYLES
D. Danilov, Saratov State Technical University named after Gagarin Yu.A., Saratov, Russia
Comparison and systematization are the two keystones of cognition. These principles are especially important when studying sophisticated phenomena. The main principle of systematization in architecture is division into styles, but the cognition of a great number of styles can't give understanding of development of architecture at large. Probably, regularity might exist that connects the dots of the architecture. The article contains the attempt to find this regularity. If divide all architectural style into two groups, the rational and the decorative, then we will find an accurate frequency of style shifting. If one represents this regularity graphically we will see a sine curve fluctuating between the rationalistic and decorative styles of architecture. The period of fluctuation of a sine curve reduces in course of time; and the sine curve reduction factor is much the same. This model is regarded connected with the West European architecture of the X-XXI centuries. The decorative school characterizes the fall of an era, and the rationalistic – the birth of a new one. The architecture acts as an indicator of the state of society. The paradigm of thinking is the essential term in these processes.
history of architecture, sine curve, development of architecture, rationalism, decorativism