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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article WIND PATTERN FEATURES IN TYPICAL CITY MODELS
Authors M. Myagkov, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
L. Alekseeva, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Abstract Wind conditions in urban environments are important for a number of reasons. Outdoor aeration, interior natural ventilation, bioclimatic comfort and air pollutants dispersion are most important. That is why basic city morphology options should be found yet at the urban planning stage with consideration of local wind climate. This paper is intended for establishing a range of urban planning decisions, based on the three typical city models city-cup, city-hill and city-plateau - affecting urban wind climate under high, moderate and low wind velocity conditions. These three case studies illustrate the possibilities and limitations of applying urban wind climate control measures to improve living conditions.

To validate typical models in different wind climates simulations with the use of ENVI-met software suite were carried out. Comparison of derived wind field statistics allows to reveal the optimal town-planning decisions for various wind climates. The knowledge obtained from this analysis provides planners and architects a way to consider wind protection options that should be applied in climate-conscious design.
Keywords: climate-sensitive design; town planning; wind conditions; numerical simulation of microclimate; ENVI-met software
article Article (RUS)
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