2020/2021
  -       XX-XXI »
 / English site / AMIT / 2014 / 1kvart14 / kuznecova

1(26) 2014


English version Russian version



ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article CANBERRA. SEARCHING OF AN IMAGE OF THE IDEAL CITY
Authors M. Kuznetsova, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract This thesis examines the capital of Australia in Canberra from the point of view of the organization of the competitions. The article considers the preliminary stage of a major international urban planning competition of the 20th century, searching artistic vision of the future city, and the ideas that were the basis for creating a plan of Canberra. Particular emphasis is placed on the content of pre-material preceding the contest for the design. George Sydney Jones first suggested a competition to design the federal capital at the 1901 town planning conference in Melbourne.

The author provides an overview of the winning projects and analyses composition basics of the construction of the plans. The ideas that underpin Canberras creation and continued evolution are drawn from a wider base than any other city in the world. These findings indicate that completeness and clarity of the original data set for the designers can be a positive example for urban planning competitions nowadays.
Keywords: climate-sensitive design; town planning; wind conditions; numerical simulation of microclimate; ENVI-met software
article Article (RUS)
References
  1. Gruza I. Teorija goroda [Theory City]. Moscow, 1972. 163 p.
  2. Kosickij Ja.V. Arhitekturno-planirovochnoe razvitie gorodov [Architectural Planning Urban Development]. Moscow, 2005. P. 613- 315.
  3. Cees de Jong, Erik Mattie. Arhitectural competition 1792 today. Tachen, 1994. pp.233- 235.
  4. Harrison P. Walter Burley Griffin: landscape architect. Canberra, National Library of Australia, 1995.
  5. Mackenzie S. Wood-Bradley, Ian et al, The Griffin Legacy: Canberra the Nations Capital in the 21st Century. Canberra, National Capital Authority, 2004.
  6. National Archives of Australia. Available at: http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=4185403
  7. National Library of Australia. Available at: http://nla.gov.au/nla.pic-an5263460
  8. Reid P. Canberra following Griffin: a design history of Australia's national capital. Canberra, National Archives of Australia, 2002.
  9. Rep J. W. Canberra 1912: Plans and planners of the Australian capital competition. Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 1997.
  10. Weirick J. The Griffins and Modernism. Melbourne. Transition Autumn, 1988