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4(25) 2013


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article SOLAR CONTROLE STRATEGIES FOR CONTINENTAL CLIMATE OF MOSCOW
Authors P. Vorobyeva, Architectural Association, London, United Kingdom
Abstract Moscow is situated in a continental climate zone, where there are hot summers and cold winters and there is a big difference between daily maximum and minimum temperatures through the year. Started the course of Sustainable Environmental Design I was trying to find design solutions, which can be used in Moscow climate. Particularly, in this research paper I want to answer the question if there should be employed some solar strategies in Moscow climate and the way, how they can be used. Pursuant to the inquiry, made by one Russian newspaper, in Moscow 73% of office buildings use air-conditioning. Also, in summer 2013 costs of energy usage increased on 12%. These prove the need in reducing energy consumptions. One of the ways is to involve solar control devices to deal with high energy demand on cooling in summer and heating in winter.

First, there will be a description of vernacular traditions of Russian architecture, because it can provide better understanding of existing problems and a history of dealing with them. Second, the description of Moscow climate and its features helps to find right strategies. Next, main types of solar shading devices and their application in Moscow climate will be described.
Keywords: office building, night shutters, shutters, overhang, shading
article Article
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