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4(25) 2013


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article METHODS OF ARCHITECTURAL COMPOSITION IN THE CONTEXT OF NON-VISUAL GUIDES FORMATION
Authors K. Komarov, National Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine
Abstract The article analyzes characteristics of non-visual perception and current practices of design and construction of specialized buildings for persons with visual disabilities. Architectural composition methods of tactile, muscular, sound and thermal guidelines formation in transit area of buildings are determined, including:
- communications turns and bends, floor slopes emphasize important parts of the way and fixes different functional areas boundaries at the level of tactile sensation;
- enfilade type of transit space provides the cues for the Blinds self-location by means of comparison of the lengths of the rooms separated by partitions;
- interfacing of spaces, which sharply differ in sizes and shapes, creates perceptible change of sound atmosphere during transition between those spaces;
- alternation of concave and convex parts of the wall ensures periodic increase and decrease of steps sound duration while moving along the communication;
- arrangement of skylights in the key sectors of the interior roads focuses the Blind visitors on the special appointment of the area through formation of thermal contrast between illuminated and shaded areas.
Named guidelines are available for perception of blind visitors and will improve the effectiveness of their orientation due to the segmentation of communications into fragments.
Keywords: architectural composition, transit space, sensation, people with visual impairments
article Article (RUS)
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