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3(24) 2013


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article CONTEMPORARY EXPERIENCE FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF INDUSTRIAL ARCHITECTURE FOR RESIDENTIAL USE (EUROPE, USA, AUSTRALIA)
Authors M. Nazarova, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Abstract The article analyzes the contemporary experience of reconstruction in the world. One of the existing approaches is elaborated: opposed to conservation there is an approach of spatial changing of the building structure. The main parameters taken into account when reviewing existing reuse projects. During the research reconstruction samples of objects of various reuses were collected. Also consider examples of reconstruction of the same type objects for different purposes: public and residential.

The existing experience of the reconstruction of a house divided into groups depending on the type obtained after renovation: houses with mutual core communications (low-rise and multi-storey) and with individual entrance (blocked and individual housing). In the article the main characteristics that predispose while reusing a certain type of housing are derived. There are samples of large-span buildings, elevators with rows of silos, free-standing silos, water towers with tanks of various sizes, warehouses, there are examples of plants that are similar in their original structure to the apartment building. The budgetary renovation projects are discussed.

As inference parameters, the most important in the reconstruction, as well as minor and insignificant are formulated. The principles derived from the analysis of the existing worldwide experience, can be the basis of the concept of integrated solutions for redevelopment areas in Moscow, St. Petersburg and other major cities, as well as for the revitalization of small towns, which halted industry for various reasons.
Keywords: gentrification, reconstruction, industrial architecture, loft, dwelling house, worldwide experience
article Article (RUS)
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