COVID-19
   2020/2021
 -
  -       XX-XXI »
Ȩ    ˨

3(24) 2013


English version Russian version



ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article ARCHITECTURAL IMAGES OF THE GOBELINS MANUFACTURY IN PARIS AND RUSSIAN CLASSICISM
Authors Yu. Klimenko, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract The interest of Russian customer to the Paris Royal Tapestry Manufactory of Gobelins explains the appearance of a number of architectural works, a series of iterations: from a copy of individual facades, to accurately reproduced quarter layout of the French capital. Similar examples are found not only in the architecture of noble estates, but also in the design of Ingerburg created by Paul I.

Analysis of the activity of French architects on this royal factory, the study of visits by top Russian class allows more precise understanding of the mechanism of borrowing of French classicism penetrating by different ways not only in private life, but also, more broadly, in Russian architecture of the Classical period.
Keywords: French classicism, Manufacture des Gobelins, Churches with two bell-towers, Country estate, Rumjancev, Troickoe-Kajnardzhi
article Article (RUS)
References
  1. Artem'ev N. Rumjancevy i ih usad'ba Troickoe Kajnardzh [Rumyantsev and manor Trinity -Kaynardzha]. oscow, 2007.
  2. Valjavin D. P.A. Russkaja usad'ba [Russian country estate]. 1999, no. 5(21), pp. 289-299.
  3. Vitjazeva V. Nashe Nasledie [Our Heritage]. 2003, no. 66.
  4. Zapiski Bashomona L. (de Bachaumont) Russkaja starina [Russian antiquity]. 1882, Vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 321-334.
  5. Klimenko Ju. Parizhskaja manufaktura i russkij arhitekturnyj zakaz jepohi Prosveshhenija: Issledovanija po istorii arhitektury i gradostroitel'stva [Paris manufacture and Russian architectural order of the Enlightenment: Studies in the History of Architecture and Urban Planning]. Trudy kafedry Istorii arhitektury i gradostroitel'stva MARHI [Work of the Department of History of Architecture and Town-Planning Architectural Institute]. oscow, 2012, no. 3, pp. 230-257.
  6. Kobeko D. Cesarevich Pavel Petrovich (1754-1796). Saint-Petersburg, 1887.
  7. Kurbatov V. Gatchina. Leningrad, 1925.
  8. Kurbatov V. Sady i parki [Parks and Gardens]. Petrograd, 1916.
  9. Lansere N. Po povodu pavil'ona Venery: Gatchina pri Pavle Petroviche cesareviche i imperatore [About the "Pavilion of Venus": Gatchina under Paul Petrovich - Tsesarevich and Emperor]. Saint-Petersburg ,1995.
  10. Makarov V. Gatchina. Leningrad, 1974.
  11. Makarov V. Gatchinskij park. Petrograd, 1921.
  12. Mihajlovsky zamok: Zamysel i voploshhenie. Arhit. grafika XVIII XIX vekov. Katalog [Mikhailovsky Castle: The idea and realization. Arch. graphics XVIII - XIX centuries. Catalog]. Sost. V.V. Puchkov i L.V. Hajkina [Compilers W. Puchkov and L. Chaikina]. Saint- Petersburg, 2000.
  13. Petpova O. Gorod Gatchina v proektah arhitektorov XVIII-XIX vekov. Iz sobranija gosudarstvennogo muzeja zapovednika Gatchina [Gatchina in the projects of architects XVIII-XIX centuries. From the collection of the State Museum - Preserve "Gatchina"]. Saint-Petersburg, 2005.
  14. Petpova O. Francuzskie korni Gatchinskogo Ingerburga [French roots Gatchinsky Ingerburga]. Available at: http://history-gatchina.ru/
  15. Pleshheev S. Nachertanie puteshestvija ih imperatorskih vysochestv, gosudarja velikogo knjazja Pavla Petrovicha i gosudaryni velikoj knjagini Marii Fedorovny pod imenem grafa i grafini Severnyh [Travel Their Imperial Majesties, the Emperor of Grand Paul Petrovich and Grand Maria Feodorovna as Count and Countess of Severnyh]. Saint-Petersburg, 1783.
  16. Puchkov V. K voprosu ob atribucii rannego proekta glavnogo fasada Mihajlovskogo zamka: Stranicy istorii otechestvennogo iskusstva XVI-XIX v [On the question of attribution of an early draft of the main facade of the Mikhailovsky Castle: Pages of history of Russian art XVI-XIX centuries]. Saint-Petersburg, 1999, no. V.
  17. Puchkov V. O vlijanii Shantil'i na formirovanie pervonachal'nogo proekta ansamblja Mihajlovskogo zamka: Dvorcy Russkogo muzeja [On the influence Chantilly on the formation of the initial draft of the ensemble of the Mikhailovsky Castle: Palaces of the Russian Museum]. Saint-Petersburg, 1999, pp. 115-120.
  18. Semevsky M. Pavlovsk. Ocherk istorii i opisanie [Pavlovsk. Essay on the history and description]. Saint-Petersburg, 1997.
  19. Sokolov B. Al'bom grafa Severnogo, ili Sady Pavla I: Nashe nasledie [Album Severnogo, or the gardens of Paul I: Our Heritage]. 2001, no. 57, pp. 78-115.
  20. Chekmarev A. Dvuhkolokolennye hramy v usad'bah grafa P.A. Rumjanceva-Zadunajskogo: Russkaja usad'ba [Churches with two bell-towers in the estates of Count P.A. Rumyantsev- Zadunajsky: Russian country estate]. oscow, 2006, no. 12 (28), pp. 537-563.
  21. Chichagov N. Zhizn' general-fel'dmarshala grafa P.A. Rumjanceva - Zadunajskogo [Life General Field Marshal Earl P.A. Rumyantsev - Zadunajsky]. Saint-Petersburg, 1849.
  22. Shvidkovsky D. Charlz Kameron i arhitektura imperatorskih rezidencij [Charles Cameron and architecture of the imperial residences]. oscow, 2008.
  23. Shvidkovsky D. Charlz Kameron pri dvore Ekateriny II [Charles Cameron at the court of Catherine II]. oscow, 2001.
  24. Shumigorsky E. Imperatrica Marija Fedorovna [Empress Maria Fyodorovna]. 1759-1828. oscow, 1890.
  25. Armengaud, J.-E., Armengaud, Ch., Amouroux, J. Nouveau Cours raisonne de Dessin industriel applique principalement a la Mecanique et a lArchitecture, comprenant le dessin lineaire proprement dit. Paris, 1860.
  26. Blondel J.F. Architecture Francaise ou recueil des plans, elevations, coups et profiles des eglises, maisons Royales, Palais, Hotels & Edifices les plus considerables de Paris. Vol. 2. Paris, 1752.
  27. Bonneyrat B. La Manufacture Royale des Gobelins de 1782 a 1789, sous la directuion du premier peintre de Louis XVI, Jean- Baptiste-Marie- Pierre (1713-1789), memoire de maitrise. 1997.
  28. Bouvenne A. Nouvelles recherches sur leglise Saint-Hippolyte a Paris. Paris, 1866.
  29. Du Coudray. Le Comte et la Comtesse du Nord a Paris. Paris, 1782.
  30. Fierro A. Dictionnaire du Paris disparu. Paris, 1998, 2003.
  31. Gallet M. Les architects parisiens du XVIII siecle, dictionnaire biographique et critique. Paris, 1995.
  32. Gerspach, Ed. Repertoire detaille des tapisseries des Gobelins executees de 1662 a 1892: histoire commentaires. Paris, 1893, Vol. 1.
  33. Girard C. Charles-Axel Guillaumot (1730-1807), architecte et administrateur de la Manufacture des Gobelins: Livraisons dhistoire de larchitecture, no. 8, 2e s, 2004, pp. 97106.
  34. Guillaumot Ch.A. Notice sur la manufacture des Gobelins.
  35. Huysmans, J.-K. La Bievre, Les Gobelins, Saint-Severin. 1901, Vol. 1.
  36. Jaillot J.-B. M.Renou de Chauvigne. Recherches critiques, historiques et topographiques sur la ville de Paris. 1775-1782. Reproduites en fac-simile. Paris, 1977, Vol.5. et atlas.
  37. Jenlis de S. harles Axel Guillaumot (1730-1807): ABC Mines, avril, 2004.
  38. Lacordaire A.L. Notice historique sur les manifactures imperiales de tapisseries des Gobelins et de tapis de la Savonnerie. Paris, 1855.
  39. Lacordaire A.L. Notice sur lorigine et les travaux des manifactures de tapisseries et des tapis reunites aux Gobelins et catalogues des tapisseries qui y sont exposes. Paris, 1869.
  40. Memoires de la baronne d'Oberkirch H.-L. publies par le comte de Montbrison, son petit- fils. Paris, 1853.
  41. Miller L. E. Innovation and Industrial Espionage in Eighteenth-Century France: An Investigation of the Selling of Silks Through Samples Journal of Design History, Vol. 12, no. 3, 1999, pp. 271-292.
  42. Mondain-Monval J. Correspondance de Soufflot avec les directeurs des Batiments concernant la Manufacture des Gobelins (1756-1780). Paris, 1918.
  43. Pellerin, G. Les Gobelins : notes historiques et descriptive. Paris, 1930.
  44. Perouse de Montclos J.-M. La Manufacture des Gobelins Le Guide du Patrimoine. Paris. Paris, 1994.
  45. Pierre Le Grand a la Manufacture des Gobelins. 12 mai-15 juin 1717. Relation contemporaine. [L.F. Dubois de Saint-Gelais]. Paris, 1893.
  46. Vachon M. Les Manufactures nationales: les Gobelins, la Savonnerie, Sevres, Beauvais. Paris, 1889.