COVID-19
   2020/2021
 -
  -       XX-XXI »
Ȩ    ˨

1(22)2013


English version Russian version



ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article TYPOLOGY OF THE EARTH SHELTERED APARTMENT HOUSE
Authors M. Rogozhnikova, Central Research and Design Institute for Residential and Public Buildings, Moscow, Russia
Abstract The purpose of article, as well as two previous, consideration of an opportunity of creation of the artificial environment and preservation of same territory natural in borders is. However if in previous articles the author made a start from a habitat and described architectural object in landscape categories the given section is devoted to the artificial environment, to architectural object, and an opportunity of its change (deformation).

The purpose of research is to find ways of organizing the built environment can maintain visual integrity of the natural environment in the form of cultural and natural landscape.

Necessity of research is dictated Russia developed in territory by a situation: qualitative change before untouched most beautiful landscapes of Russia, including protected historical and cultural reserves. Especially appreciable harm to a natural landscape is rendered with the elements of an anthropogenous origin sharply breaking its composite integrity. We shall name this phenomenon ontamination natural landscapes anthropogenous dust. Contamination landscapes - one of obvious negative characteristics of district. Territorial methods of protection historical and cultural reserves till now have no adequate legislative maintenance and practically are not used by the state bodies of protection of objects of a heritage which are guided by separate monuments, instead of on territorial complexes.
Keywords: earth sheltered house, atrium, settlement
article Article (RUS)
References
  1. Rogozhnikova M.A. Pejzazhnoe proektirovanie arhitekturnogo obekta [Landscape designing of architectural object]. Available at: http://www.marhi.ru/AMIT/2012/3kvart12/rogozhnikova/abstract.php
  2. Rogozhnikova M.A. Landshaftnoe proektirovanie arhitekturnogo obekta [Landscape designing of architectural object]. Available at: http://www.marhi.ru/AMIT/2012/4kvart12/rogozhnikova/abstract.php
  3. Pomorov S.B., Kanteev D.V. Ocenka privlekatel'nosti landshaftov [ Estimation of appeal of landscapes]. Barnaul, NII GP, 1997.
  4. Kuleshova M.E. Vsemirnoe nasledie i mesto v njom kul'turnyh landshaftov [The world heritage and place in it of cultural landscapes]. Nasledie i sovremennost' [Heritage and the present]. Vol.15. Moscow, Institut Nasledija [Institute of the Heritage], 2007, pp.21-46.
  5. Christian Norberg-Schulz, Genius Loci, Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture, Rizzoli, New York. 1980.
  6. Lihacheva Je. A., Timofeeva D. A., Zhidkov M.P. Gorod jekosistema [City jekosystem]. Moscow, 1996, pp.44-76.
  7. Kulikov S. V teni zabora. V zhurnale Proekt Rossii [In a shadow of a fence. In magazine Project of Russia]. no. 54.
  8. Lisician M.V., Pashkovskij V.L., Petunina Z.V. Arhitekturnoe proektirovanie zhilyh zdanij [Architectural designing of residential buildings]. Moscow, 2006, 488 p.
  9. Sterling Rjej. Proektirovanie zaglublennyh zhilishh [Translation from English]. Moscow, 1983.