COVID-19
   2020/2021
 -
  -       XX-XXI »
Ȩ    ˨
 / English site / AMIT / 2013 / 1kvart2013 / klochko

1(22)2013


English version Russian version



ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article THE CLIMATE CHANGE INFLUENCES ON THE ARCHITECTURAL AND URBAN PLANNING AND REGULATION
Authors A. Klochko, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Moscow, Russia
Abstract In this article the climate changes in Moscow and in the world are investigated, forecasts for further climate change from competent sources are considered. There from the necessity of appropriate researches and the subsequent scientific and practical recommendations is proved, especially in the conditions of the megalopolises, which become a factor of climate formation. The scope of researches is outlined by the Moscow territory.

The comparative analysis of the monthly and annual temperatures of Moscow, calculated by author with data from different sources is provided. The term "heat island" is revealed, the influence of climate change on human health is analyzed, the necessity of periodic revision of building norms and rules is proved, the architectural and urban planning guidelines for improving comfort in residential areas of Moscow provided.
Keywords: heat island, climate change, bioclimatic comfort, actualization of construction norms and rules, climatic zoning
article Article (RUS)
References
  1. Nash budushhij klimat (VMO, Zheneva, Shvejcarija 2003) [Our future climate (WMO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2003)]. Available at: http://mosmeteo.hmn.ru/index1.php?code=14&value=3&page=7
  2. Federal'naja sluzhba po gidrometeorologii i monitoringu okruzhajushhej sredy (Rosgidromet). Ocenochnyj doklad ob izmenenijah klimata i ih posledstvijah na territorii RF. Tehnicheskoe rezjume [Federal service of hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring]. The estimated report of climate changes and their consequences in the territory of the Russian Federation. Technical summary]. Moscow, 2008.
  3. Federal'naja sluzhba po gidrometeorologii i monitoringu okruzhajushhej sredy (Rosgidromet). Doklad ob osobennostjah klimata na territorii RF za 2010 god [Federal service of hydrometeorology and environment monitoring. The report of climate features in the territory of the Russian Federation for 2010]. Moscow, 2011.
  4. Federal'naja sluzhba po gidrometeorologii i monitoringu okruzhajushhej sredy (Rosgidromet). Ocenochnyj doklad ob izmenenijah klimata i ih posledstvijah na territorii RF. Obwee rezjume [Federal service of hydrometeorology and environment monitoring. The estimated report of climate changes and their consequences in the territory of the Russian Federation. General summary]. Moscow, 2008.
  5. Klimaticheskaja doktrina RF [Climatic doctrine of the Russian Federation]. Available at: http://./acts/6365
  6. Izmenenie klimata, 2007g. Posledstvija, adaptacija i ujazvimost'. Rezjume dlja politikov. Doklad Rabochej gruppy II Mezhpravitel'stvennoj gruppy jekspertov po izmeneniju klimata [Climate change, 2007. Consequences, adaptation and vulnerability. The summary for politicians. The report of the Working group II of the Intergovernmental group of experts on climate change]. Available at: http://global-climate-change.ru/index.php/ru/intern-organizations/ipcc/46-about-ipcc/53-mgeik
  7. IPCC, 2007: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O.R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, L.A. Meyer (eds)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
  8. Climate booklet for urban development: references for zoning and Planning. Baden-Wurttemberg Innen Ministerium. Stuttgart, 2004.
  9. Mjagkov M.S., Gubernskij Ju.D., Konova L.I., Lickevich V.K. Gorod, arhitektura. Chelovek i klimat [City, architecture, human and climate]. Moscow, 2007, 344 p.
  10. Spravochnik ekologo-klimaticheskih harakteristik Moskvy [ Directory of ecologic & climatic characteristics of Moscow]. Vol. 2, Moscow, 2006, 50.
  11. FGBU Institut Global'nogo Klimata i Jekologii. Izmenenija klimata 2011 leto: ijun' avgust. Obzor sostojanija i tendencij izmenenija klimata Rossi [Climate changes at 2011th summer: June August. Review of a condition and tendencies of climate change in Russia]. Available at: http://climatechange.igce.ru/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=81&Itemid=75&lang=ru
  12. Gruza G.V., Ran'kova Je.Ja. Kolebanija i izmenenija klimata na territorii Rossii [Fluctuations and climate changes in the territory of Russia]. Moscow, Publishing house of Academy of Sciences. Physics of the atmosphere and ocean, 2003, 20p.
  13. Revich B.A. Klimat, kachestvo atmosfernogo vozduha i zdorov'e moskvichej [The climate, quality of atmospheric air and health of Moscow inhabitants]. Moscow, 2006, 246p.