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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article MODULAR AXES PLANNING GRIDS FOR DESIGN OF ORTHODOX TEMPLES
Authors S.V. Borisov, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy); Architectural bureau Liza, Moscow, Russia
Abstract The article deals with peculiarities of layout and arrangement design construction of parish churches aimed at application of structural elements notion application. Some aspects of design formalization are shown with use of modular axes planning grids. Geometric basics of modern temple plan design with modular sections are analyzed. Construction of modern temple planning dimensions on the basis of 3M module (300 mm) and enlarged modules derived from it was proved not to contradict traditional ancient Russian systems of length measurement.

The traditional character of multi-structural temple planning dimensions type assignment was noted. Design of modular axes grids was considered on a number of parish churches of the Moscow region. Variants of modular axes grids making up the single planning basis for structural elements of a modern temple were designed: the main four-on with an apsis; a side- chapel with an apsis and a fore church; a frater; a gallery; a bell tower; roofed porches. Modern temples were shown design of architectural solutions of which involved application by the author of the present work of design planning supports based on modular grids of axes.
Keywords: an orthodox church, design, a structural element, a modular planning grid of axes, a layout and arrangement design, a four-on, a side chapel, a frater
article Article (RUS)
References
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