-       XX-XXI »

4(21) 2012


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article LANDSCAPE DESIGN OF ARCHITECTURAL OBJECT
Authors M. Rogozhnikova, Central Research and Design Institute for Residential and Public Buildings, Moscow, Russia
Abstract This article continues the study of visual environment, natural and built. The subject of study selected historical and cultural area (ICT), which visual environment require special protection, and its violation of human-made elements leads to visual pollution and the actual destruction of ICT. However, the active Country building, which began in the 90's and continues today, has generated the need to find ways to create artificial architectural framework that allows to maintain the existing natural. The natural environment is considered in terms of landscape, three-dimensional model of the landscape. Space-dimensional model of landscape formed components of the landscape, landforms, vegetation, water bodies and existing architectural objects.

This requires clarification, since the objects of human origin should be considered as elements of the built environment. In this study, the concept of shared cultural and man-made landscape is considered. Cultural landscape - natural and cultural heritage, cultural elements in this case, "tactfully" complement the natural basis, and last but not least, generally follow the pattern of the natural elements. Therefore, existing in the cultural landscape of man-made items are considered a natural component of the landscape, and the cultural landscape - the natural environment. For example, historical settlements. Anthropogenic landscape - on the contrary example of the built environment.

The purpose of research is to find ways of organizing the built environment can maintain visual integrity of the natural environment in the form of cultural and natural landscape.
Keywords: visual environment, the natural environment, the built environment, a visual barrier, visual spatial unit of the landscape, the visual integrity
article Article (RUS)
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