ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
|Article||PRINCIPLES FOR INVESTIGATION OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE, AETHTETIC OF MASS HOUSING AND EVOLUTION OF THE ARCHITECTURAL CREATIVITY IN THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN|
|Authors||Nizami Hasan ogli Nagiyev, Azerbaijan University of Architecture and Construction, Baku, Azerbaijan|
|Abstract||Analysis of mass industrial housing on the basis of model projects in the free areas, adjacent to
the existing buildings in the cities of Azerbaijan Republic has demonstrated, that the problem of
housing for large numbers of people was solved in the shortest time. From another point of view
the positive aesthetic of the large building complex contributed into preservation of existing
valuable buildings, especially in the historic cities such as Baku, Ganja, and others. That helped to
preserve the architectural heritage for future generations.
At the end of the XX-th - early XXI-th century, the whole positive experience existed in the design and construction of the70 – 80th years of the last century began to be ignored. New practice of residential and public buildings design on individual projects with placing them in a historic district has begun in that period. The prevailing height of historical buildings constructed in the Azerbaijani cities in the nineteenth century, and in the first half of the twentieth century, are the 3 - 4 - 5 floors. The modern individually constructed frame buildings should be not higher than 16 floors.
Only one question brings discord into the current composition of the existing buildings in the historic cities, as well as to the architectural appearance of buildings under construction. The old buildings were constructed in stone using motifs and elements of Azerbaijani folk architecture. New frame buildings, faced with modern building materials (plastic, glass, etc.) are absolutely not linked to a number of valuable historical monuments. In terms of urban planning, setting 16 - 18 storey residential buildings on the existing narrow streets of old cities seriously impair the health of the existing building. The issues of insulation, ventilation, landscaping and car parking are not solved absolutely.
All of this brings the necessity to study of experience in large residential complexes construction in the free territories, linking transport communications, places of employment and recreation areas, etc. with historical part of the city. This will allow solving the problem of providing the population with modern housing, preserving the architectural heritage.
|Keywords:||housing construction, existing buildings, architectural heritage, frame buildings, folk architecture, building materials, insulation|