ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
|Article||TECTONICS OF VERTICAL ABUTMENT|
|Authors||A. Zagorkov, NIITIAG RAASN, Moscow, Russia|
|Abstract||Under “Tectonics of metal structure” we understand interaction of shape and structure subject to
the latest engineering achievements including properties of materials.
Abutment as centerpiece of post-and-beam structure has been used from ancient times and has defined order system. Order system has not been significantly modified through many centuries mainly because of stone as dominant constructional material.
In the ÕÕ century architectural ideas, project plans and fantasies focused on technical achievements led to creation of high-tech buildings and constructions. Supporting framework of these buildings corresponded to metal structure with domination of abutment. One of the first such buildings was Centre Georges Pompidou constructed in 1976.
Different variations of post-and-beam structures and cable-stayed structures are used in high-tech metal frame. If we analyze the tectonics of these frames we can determine the following three types of frame constructions with metal abutment:
- a classical post-and-beam structure;
- cable-stayed structure with pendant floor;
- cable-stayed structure with bogged column.
Analyze of buildings designed by the leading high-tech architects shows us that frame constructions with metal abutment more frequently occur in creation of Nicholas Grimshaw and Richard Rodgers. Therefore projects of these two architects are examined as an example of high- tech constructions in this paper.
|Keywords:||tectonics, metal constructions, high-tech, order, cable-stayed structures, suspended floor, metal abutment|