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Наука, образование и экспериментальное проектирование – 2020
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ВМЕСТЕ ПРОТИВ КОРРУПЦИИ
ШКОЛА НАСЛЕДИЯ

2(19) 2012


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article COMPLEX SPATIAL TOWN-PLANNING TYPOLOGY OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS AND THEIR TERRITORIAL GROUPS
Authors Z.A. Gayevskaya, Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
Abstract Dangerous changes of environment have got a global character. The world is suffering from economic and social crisis. Most serious are economic, social, demographic, environmental problems in the rural territories of Non-Black Soil area which is now subjected to an anthropo- ecological crisis.

All these arising problems are impossible to solve without scientific forecasting of results of any nature forming and social activity, and also without the creation of management system and control at carrying out the developed measures. Scientific forecasting requires the knowledge of management system algorithm.

Town-planning is the form of settlement processes` management. Today, settlement processes management is regarded to belong to sustainable development frameworks. The sustainable structure is considered effective if it promotes a successful functioning of the system and the achievement of its purposes. As an indicator of the sustainability degreeit is possible to use the condition of the triad: nature — population — economy (antropogeocenoz)[1].

Specificity of rural settlements reconstruction and territorial groups can be revealed on the basis of functional and esthetic organization features expressed in spatial town-planning typology. A basis of the suggested typological approach is the idea of antropogeocenoz integrity as a town-planning object.
Keywords: antropogeocenoz, system, typology, nature, population, economy, reconstruction
article Article (RUS)
References
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