ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
|Article||THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF THE CZECH ARCHITECTURAL CUBISM|
|Authors||O. Zavolokina, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State academy), Moscow, Russia|
At the heart of process designing of the Czech architectural cubism is a new concept of mutual
relations of space and the form of an analytical cubism in painting where the three-dimensional
form under the influence of space is dismembered on two-dimensional geometrical planes.
Masters of the Czech cubism created three-dimensional forms of architectural structures with two-
dimensional crossed planes through:
- geometry of the primary form and its transformation by the method of "collage";
- formations on the two-dimensional surface forms a three-dimensional volume composition of simple geometric elements and their combinations;
- transformations of elements of historical styles with obligatory underlining of tectonics and symmetry.
The analysis of construction of a facade, the plan and decor of products of the Czech architectural cubism has revealed that masters of a direction developed new methods designing on the basis of the general principles and receptions. Based on a comparison identified in the practice of various architects receptions and principles are formulated features of their author's concepts.
|Keywords:||Czech architectural cubism, formation, the method of “collage”, the method of “superimposition”|