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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF THE CZECH ARCHITECTURAL CUBISM
Authors O. Zavolokina, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract At the heart of process designing of the Czech architectural cubism is a new concept of mutual relations of space and the form of an analytical cubism in painting where the three-dimensional form under the influence of space is dismembered on two-dimensional geometrical planes. Masters of the Czech cubism created three-dimensional forms of architectural structures with two- dimensional crossed planes through:

- geometry of the primary form and its transformation by the method of "collage";

- formations on the two-dimensional surface forms a three-dimensional volume composition of simple geometric elements and their combinations;

- transformations of elements of historical styles with obligatory underlining of tectonics and symmetry.

The analysis of construction of a facade, the plan and decor of products of the Czech architectural cubism has revealed that masters of a direction developed new methods designing on the basis of the general principles and receptions. Based on a comparison identified in the practice of various architects receptions and principles are formulated features of their author's concepts.
Keywords: Czech architectural cubism, formation, the method of collage, the method of superimposition
article Article (RUS)
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