ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
|Article||PROVIDING COMFORT LIVING ENVIRONMENT WITHIN THE DESIGN OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES|
|Authors||L.A. Viktorova, The centre of regulation and standardization methodology in construction, Moscow, Russia|
The understanding of "comfort" as it is used in a variety of regulations and scientific researches, does not have the monosemantic interpretation. Recently, some papers appeared the notion of "increased comfort". However, in different documents, it has a different meaning.
The development, within several years, of regulations for building design, allowed the author to develop the concept of "comfort" in relation to the main objects of mass construction - to residential buildings and places of application of labor in offices and industrial enterprises.
"Comfort" is suggested to consider as a complex system of the properties of environment, combined with psycho-physiological characteristics of man and his needs, stems from the nature of his life. This property system is a set of three main components:
- Comfort, necessary for the preservation of health;
- Minimally adequate ergonomic comfort;
- Social (or functional) comfort security.
Starting (initial) rates of these three elements of comfort necessity for a person (of any social status), are set at different levels: minimal, acceptable or optimal.
|Keywords:||comfort, residential buildings, industrial enterprises, psycho-physiological human characteristics|