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2(15) 2011


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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article REQUIREMENTS FOR THE HUMANE DWELLING ENVIRONMENT
Authors R. Arakelyan, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract In offered paper the problem "anthropomorphism", "humanity" of inhabited space as key value in system of qualities of the inhabited environment rises.

Complex consideration of questions of interrelation and interference of the architectural environment and the person through a prism of psychological, visual and behavioral aspects is offered. The factors substantially defining system of values in the field of qualities of the inhabited environment, on an example of our country during XIX-XXI centuries are investigated.

At a sight of the author, the given research it is rather actual, as it is directed on consideration of the human factor as key element in modern designing the inhabited environment. The human factor is understood as set anatomic, physiological, psychological and psycho-physiological features. On the basis of various spheres of scientific knowledge, such as videoecology, ergonomics, cognitive psychology, sociology, come to light features of psychological and visual perception, and also key aspects of spatial behavior.

The obtained indicators will allow to raise considerably understanding of criteria and requirements to the humane inhabited environment, and also to reconsider system of values in designing the inhabited environment aside the human factor.
Keywords: human factors, anthropomorphic, video ecology, binocular vision, cognitive psychology, spatial shape, behavior, perception, motivation, sensory system, homogeneous field, homogeneous environment, the visual field, automatic saccades, the emptiness figure
article Article (RUS)
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