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ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article IMAGES OF ROME AND ST. PETERSBURG IN THE NEOCLASSICAL TRENDS OF SOVIET ARCHITECTURE OF THE 1930-s
Authors A. Barkhin, NIITAG RAASN, Moscow, Russia
Abstract In the global context the soviet architecture of the 1930-s released a variety of neoclassical flows and the dominance of pre-revolutionary masters, representatives of neoclassicism. Reproduction of the classic characters has a goal to surpass the achievements of the past. To win in the competition between Moscow and architectural capitals of Europe and the United States in 1930-s allows exactly the work in classical order. In the late 1920-s becomes noticeable a retrospective taste of the state, the only customer, favored A. Shchusev and I. Zholtovsky, V. Shuko and I. Fomin. In the first half of 1930-s the art deco processing of architectural forms (innovative professional trend, witch has arisen in the pre-revolutionary architecture) opposed the classical processing, as the implementation requirements "to learn the classical heritage". The article analyzes the historical origins of simplification and coarsening of an order, as well as spatial and decorative characters of Rome and St. Petersburg in the soviet architecture of the 1930-s.
Keywords: art deko, neoclassic, soviet architecture, architecture 1930-s
article Article (RUS)
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