ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES
|Article||NUMBER AND GEOMETRY IN THE ARCHITECTURAL THEORY.
To history of the term
|Authors||M. Gorodova, Gallery Art Deco, Institute of Russian painting, Moscow, Russia|
In this paper the question of the Number in Architectural theory is discussed.
From the very beginning of its history architecture was tightly linked to Mathematics, though from the point of contemporary views Maths was represented by its elementary forms. Architecture has been profiting most from knowledge of Geometry. Through centuries Architects be it Vitruvius, Violet Le Duc or Le Corbusier have understood and mastered Euclidian concept of Geometry. Euclid’s influence upon architectural thinking is considered to be the most important and constructive (structural) till the seventeenth century.
The Medieval consciousness reflected the fundamental principles of the Antique architectural tradition till the fifteenth century. This period seems to combine three leading points of view on theory of architecture: 1. Neo Pythagorean one, mystically celebrating the science of numbers; 2. Of geometry treated as the Art of tracing lines; 3. Of algebra (arithmetic) as the science of calculating.
Further on Architectural theory demonstrates a fusion of the science of numbers (the Number is considered to be the Image’s Image) with the science of calculating making the Number only a tool. While Architecture split separating its secular and ecclesiastic branches, knowledge in Church architecture had frozen in shape of oral tradition.
Starting with Classical time and to this day Euclidean geometry and Pythagorean numerology have represented two overlapping and interwining lines of thought.
|Keywords:||Science about number, Geometry of space, Pythagorean in architecture, Proportion, symbolical language|