COVID-19
   2020/2021
 -
  -       XX-XXI »
Ȩ    ˨
 / English site / AMIT / 2010

1 (10) 2010


English version Russian version



ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES


Article MANDALA IN IRANS ARCHTECTURE AND URBAN DESINGE
Authors H. Shenasa, Moscow Institute of Architecture (State academy), Moscow, Russia
Abstract Mandala is a Sanskrit word verbally meaning a circle. This word as a special name refers to geometrical shapes such as squares and circular patterns or a combination of both of them which in ancient hindu and buda tradition is used as saint geometry for construction of temples and artistic and religious building. Intention to a strong and symmetrical geometry as cosmogram is not limited to one tribe or religious tradition. We can observe the appearance of mandala in the most primitive religious cities and building constructed by the human being including the pyramids and zygotes to design and combination of contemporary religious building.
Keywords: mandala, temples, Iranian traditions, Iran, masque, karvan-sarai
article Article (RUS)
References
  1. Pirnia M., Islamskaja arhitektura, 1991g. Tegeran-Iran
  2. Mazlumi G., Diafragmy v rajskom sadu, 1995g. Tegeran-Iran
  3. Rahmani M., Arhitekturnaja filosofija: zhurn.Honar, Tegeran univ. 1/2000g. Tegeran-Iran
  4. Salmaee R., Arhitektura s techeniem vremeni, zhurn.soffe, Tegeran univ. 2/2002 g. Tegeran-Iran
  5. Shenasa H., Hudozhestvennogo i kul'turnogo centra (arhitekturny Magisterskaja dissertacija), 2004g. Shiraz-Iran
  6. Velfram - Klice, Iranskie arhitektura: perevody-M.Kiani- M.Zorufi, 1988g. Tegeran-Iran