-       XX-XXI »
,      2020
 / 

special EAEA

ARCHITECTURE AND MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC - EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL ON SCIENTIFIC-TECHNOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL-METHODICAL ASPECTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION AND DESIGNING WITH THE USAGE OF VIDEO AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES

- - -


COMPUTER MODELING IN ARCHITECTURE BY EXAMPLE OF ST. BASILS CATHEDRAL IN MOSCOW

Vladimir Talapov, Vladimir Dudin, Vladimir Edrenkin, Olga Bolshakova
Novosibirsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (Sibstrin), Russia

Keywords: computer model, St. Basils Cathedral

The aim of this article was testing in practice the modern computer modeling tools in real time. We took one of the most beautiful and geometrically complex structures in the world Architecture - St. Basils Cathedral in Moscow for that. As result we created the computer model of outside of this structure. And now we correct and improve its geometry and try to get its photorealistic and artistic visualization.

Our main informational source was N.I.Brunov [1]; in addition we used some photos and pictures of St. Basils Cathedral during different historical periods.

During modeling the St. Basils Cathedral were divided on logical components: central and lateral pillars, lower layer, bell tower, extensions and some others. And we created each of which according to general rules, including general scale and coordinates. The complete model was assembled out of these components like a block. This method allows the group of persons to create different components of the model at the same time, and also allows the leader to monitor and correct the whole project.

Fig. 1

Fig. 2


The complete model without materials (only in own colours) consists of 17 files in total memory 48 Mb. It took three months for modeling and studying documentation (its very important part of the work) for a group, consists of one instructor and three students (they worked every day after the lessons).

Fig. 3

Fig. 4



After some comparisons we selected AutoCAD 2006 as the main software. The main reason precision of its tools. During the modeling we often used external references, which allowed us to work with whole model and its parts at the same time without memorys overload (RAM 1GB). We also used blocks to save memory, as result the file with Western pillar (for example) is nearly 1.3 Mb. For more correctly export files to another software we put objects with the same materials on the same layers. New AutoCAD 2007 is more powerful in 3D Modeling, but AutoCAD 2006 had sufficient tools for modeling St. Basils Cathedral.

Fig. 5

Fig. 6

Fig. 7


This model allows in the future:
-to improve all details,
-to modify some details according to historical age,
-to experiment with exterior materials, lights and so on,
-to experiment with styles of visualization,
-to experiment with geometry of model.

Fig. 8

Fig. 9


The result of this modeling shows us that usual computers and software allows specialists after basic study to create computers models of complex architectural structures in a real time. Because computers graphic needs very precisely studying of source documentation, it seems that computer modeling will become one of the main tools in architectural modeling for design and architectural study.

Reference

1. .. ( ). ., , 1988

Download at PDF

Issue contents